We have just wrapped up our mini unit on the Aztecs and seen some similarities and differences between this culture and the Mayans. Can you describe some differences and similarities between the Mayans and Aztecs?
The Mayan and the Aztec were both powerful empires that oddly enough, played a similar sort of ball game that had a religious meaning. Both of their religions used sacrifice, though the Aztecs practiced it on a much larger scale than the Mayan. The two cultures had a basis in agriculture, and both adapted to their environments. The Maya used farming techniques such as slash-and-burn, while the Aztecs created floating gardens. The Aztecs were eventually destroyed by the Spanish. However, the decline of the Mayan civilization is a mystery.
Both cultures believed in sacrifising humans to there gods. Both had very acurate calenders and medication. they both had creative agrisulture ways, the mayans used slash and burn while the aztecs used flouting gardens. the aztecs had 80% of there population die o smallpox and the rest killed by the spanurds. the mayans mysteriasly vanished and will be a mystery how and why they are gone.
Merry:A big difference between these two civilization can be traced to their agricultural techniques, the slash and burn and chinampas (floating gardens), but both civilizations had to adapt to the challenging environment. Great point.Mr.Lin
Brisa:Good summary of the differences and similarities between the Mayan and Aztecs. Mr.Lin
Both the Aztecs and the Mayan thought their religions very highly. They both had sacrificial ceremonies to honor and please their many gods. They also both played ball games. The Maya played Pok-A-Tok (I'm not sure of the name) and the Aztecs played tlachtlli. These games were played to honor their gods and each part of the game represented something in their religion(ex. ball=heavenly body; court=heaven). Also, both cultures had very accurate and detailed calendar systems that can still be used today.
Sophie:Great points that you made. Both had ball games and took it so seriously that the losers would often have to die. Mr.Lin
I personally think that the biggest difference of them is that Inca lived on mountain ranges. Unlike the Inca, the Aztecs lived on an island surrounded by lakes. Since they were surrounded they made chinampas, and the Incas made many terraces for farming. Also how the Incas sacraficed humans was very different from the Aztecs. The number of how many they sacrificed in one year is a big difference. The similarity of them is that they were polytheistic. They both thought the sun god was the strongest god. Also, they thought sacrificing human blood made the sun god strong.
Lisa:Good point that you made regarding the agriculture differences between the Incan and Aztecs. You can see how the geographic features is important in influencing the kind of technology that they need, hence why the Incans adopted terrace farming while the Aztecs created chinampas. Great! Mr.Lin
A big difference between the Aztecs and Mayans was their sacrifice techniques. The Mayans preferred using animals and crops for sacrifice to the Sun and other Gods to please them in order for the civilization to prosper. But the Aztecs believed in a multitude of human sacrifice, as blood was the ultimate sacrifice to the Gods. They were very religious, as were the Mayans, and used a great number of human sacrifice, randomly chosen, in their daily lives. All in all, the Aztecs were a much more violent civilization, also on the battle field. Another major difference between the two civilizations is their agricultural techniques. The Aztecs built a prosperous civilization on floating islands called chinampas, built with layers of mud and vegitation. Canals were the roadways of their canoes and transportation of goods and people. There land was marshy. The Mayans used techniques such slash-and-burn and terrace farming to create suitable areas to grow crops and villages in their mountainous region. These civilizations both are polytheistic and believe in many gods. Their basic gods are similar, though they may have different names. These include the main sun and rain gods. They share the religious tecnique of sacrifice to gain the pleasure of the gods, in order to create a prosperous civilization. Blood was the most precious sacrifice for the sun god's approval. Both civilizations' primary crop was maize, or corn, which was ground to a powder, the same for the Incas. Both civilizations also took part in some recreation. Both played some sort of ball game such as the Mayan pok-a-tok and Aztec tlachtli. In each game, a ball was hit by a players hip into a hoop high on a wall, similar to a game of basketball, except much harder. Unfortunately, these games were so important and serious to both civilations that loss resulted usually in death (by sacrifice, since both civilizations believed in capture for human sacrifice, instead of wasting humans in death).
Kendall:Wow, great analysis in the similarites and differences between the Aztec and Mayan cultures. Certainly, there are some key differences that you mentioned such as the Aztecs relying on chinampas, while the Mayans used slash and burn techniques. Both cultures lived in areas with different geographic features such as an island versus the rain forest. Your response will be counted towards this Spring Trimester. Mr.Lin
Audrey Fong Period 5Both cultures were large civilizations. Both sacrificed people, but the Aztecs were more obsessed with sacrifice than the Mayans....Both of them fell like all great civilizations do in the end. The Aztecs fell because of Cortes and his warriors while the Mayans fell for no reason known. Another thing that made them different was the fact that the Aztecs lived on a tiny island and expanded it using a system of bridges and chinampas, floating island, to make the city seem even grander! The Mayans lived in a rain forest and had to cut trees down to make more room for themselves. I think the Mayans are more interesting though. They didn't sacrifice as much and the used slash and burn techniques. The most fascinating thing about them though is that they disappeared and no one know where they went. Who doesn't love a good mystery, especially if the mystery is a real one?
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Aztec And Inca